Driving outcomes among older adults: A systematic review on racial and ethnic differences over 20 years

The population of older adults (aged 65 years and older) in the United States will become more racially and ethnically diverse in the next three decades. Additionally, the growth of the aging population will come with an expansion in the number of older drivers and an increased prevalence of chronic disease. A major gap in aging research is the almost exclusive focus on non-Hispanic white samples of older adults. We reviewed research articles on driving and racial/ethnic differences among older adults. Eighteen studies indicate that racial and ethnic minorities face a greater risk for driving reduction, mobility restriction, and driving cessation. Only four studies specifically examined racial/ethnic differences, while others simply examined these differences within a study that was not focused on race/ethnicity. Our review pointed to the fact that future research in aging and driving research needs to be more inclusive and actively involve different racial/ethnic groups in study design and analysis.

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